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How to use Anki Flash Card Program

This is a basic guide for how to use and install Anki:

1) Download Anki from:

2) Install it

3) Open it

4)This is the Anki Start screen.

You can see a list of “decks.” A deck is just a collection of cards. You can only have 1 deck open at a time. For us, each deck will be a lecture. Make sure to name the decks very clearly so it’s obvious what lecture it is (lecture # and what the lecture is about).

5) To import a deck, you will download it from or whatever file sharing service we use.  The link will be on the google doc spreadsheet. You can click the import button on the start-screen, or you can go to File -> Import.You can get to your “Deck” screen (the first screen you see when Anki opens) by clicking the right-most icon at the top of Anki. It looks like  a list.

6) To open  a deck, go to the Deck screen, hit open. You should see this:

You can play around with these options if you’d like to. Hit review to study!

7) The top half of the screen is the question, which can be text and/or an image. The bottom half is the answer.

-Hit spacebar or “show answer” to show the answer.

-If you got the question completely wrong, hit the “1” key on your keyboard, or hit the “again” button in Anki. “2” is for “good,” “3” is for “easy,” and “4” is for “very easy.” This specifies how often Anki will show you the card. I will always just hit 1 if I get any part of it wrong. Anki takes a lot of statistics on your performance, but I don’t know much about that yet.

8 ) Making cards. Go to the Deck screen, then hit “Create” to make a new deck. To add cards to a deck that you are currently in, hit the green plus icon at the top-left of Anki. When making a new deck

-Name the deck

-Hit okay, then “add material”

-Type the question and answers. If you want to embed images, which I recommend, it’s really easy. In Mac OS X, there are useful keyboard shortcuts (go here if you forget them). The one you will use all the time is:


…which lets you make a selection of part of the screen (ie. a lecture slide open in Adobe Acrobat or PowerPoint). It copies that selection to your keyboard. You can paste it into Anki by pressing command-V into the question or answer box. Pretty easy. For windows I think it’s alt+print screen to take a selection of your open window. But if you are a windows user you will have to figure out how copy an image of a selection into Anki since it’s basically necessary for making good flash cards.

9) How to export:

-When you export, you have to be in a deck first (this is true for importing, too). Then hit File-> export

Export” src=”” alt=”” width=”176″ height=”210″ />

Leave export format alone (it should be Anki deck (*.anki)).  Don’t write anything in “limit to tags” since we want to export the entire deck, not just one’s that you may have tagged with a certain keyword. Leave “include scheduling information” unchecked.

Click export, choose a good file name. Remember where you export the deck to so it’s easy to find when you upload it to share with everyone else.

That’s all I know about Anki. This should be enough to get us started.

This is a useful how-to video to watch as well.
This video is especially useful.


  • Press command F to go to the card browser, which is a menu that has a list of all the cards in your deck. That way you can add cards easily and see the deck in an organized way. You’ll see something like this:
  • Instead of clicking “add” when making a flashcard, you can press command+enter.
  • Exporting  & sharing: Press file -> export as previously described. When you want to share your files, go to the folder where you exported the anki cards. It should look like this
  • As you can see, anki saves the media (images, audio, etc) separately from the flashcard/text data. So when you want to share, you will have to upload both the media folder and the .anki file, right click them, and compress them as a zip file / archive so they are in one folder. If you have a windows PC, you might have to install winrar. If you have a mac, you don’t have to install anything. After you compress them, you should see something like the photo below. After that, upload them to the dropbox account that you were invited to.
  • How to import a deck properly: Make sure when you import you aren’t already in a deck, otherwise you will be importing the new cards into that deck. So first hit the “Deck screen” button (the right-most button at the top of Anki) and then press the import button at the bottom.
  • How to study ALL the cards in a deck at once: Press Tools -> cram mode, and leave the “tags to cram” field blank. This way you can study the entire deck.

How to finely control playback speed in VLC Media Player in Mac OS X

VLC Media Player One key difference between the Windows & Mac version of VLC is that the Mac version does not display your playback speed and does not have fine control buttons to slightly increase or decrease playback speed.

(An old) Windows version

Notice it displays playback speed

(An old) Windows version

vs. Mac version

Notice it does not display playback speed

Mac version of VLC Media player

For those of us who are students and Mac users, this is frustrating. Fortunately, it is possible to slightly increase or decrease the playback speed. Here is how:

1) Enter the preferences of VLC media player by hitting command+ , [command and comma at the same time] on the keyboard or by clicking “VLC” in the toolbar, then “preferences.”

2) Click hotkeys

3) Scroll down the list until you see “Slower (fine)” and “Faster (fine).”

4) For each (i.e. for faster (fine) playback), select it, then click change.

5) Push the keys on the keyboard that you want the hotkey to have. Since increasing playback speed is command+, I set command option + for finely increasing the playback speed and command option – for finely decreasing  playback speed.

6) Hit Okay

7) Hit save, then exit preferences.